Your body utilizes many approaches to show when a health concern exists. Some examples of this include unpleasant sensations, abnormal bumps, and fatigue. Another possible indication that something is incorrect is tissue staining. When a toenail is an abnormal color, appearing darker than it should, the condition is called a black toenail. There are numerous factors nails can end up being stained, but the important thing to keep in mind is that Foot & Ankle Associates of Florida is your resource for detecting and treating this condition.
Causes and Signs of Black Toenails
Black ToenailsDepending on the medical problem, causes can be rather simple at times. A fractured toe bone happened due to the fact that of that heavy box falling on your foot. Your fett itch due to the fact that of the fungal infection called professional athlete's foot. With black nails, however, there are several potential causes, consisting of:
Injury or physical injury to a toe nail. This is the most likely cause of your black toenail. The staining being the outcome of bruising or blood pooled under a toe nail (subungual hematoma) in reaction to physical trauma. Specific reasons for injury include: stubbing a toe, dropping something heavy on your foot, even a car accident.
Repetitive injury. Whereas a singular event can certainly cause a black toe nail, so too can repeated trauma, like when a runner's toe nail consistently hits the front or top of a shoe while running.
Ill-fitting footwear. For some clients, a set of shoes that is too tight can go hand-in-hand with the repeated injury that triggers a black toenail.
Fungal nail infection. The most noticeable symptom of toe nail fungi is simply the discoloration of the impacted nail tissue.
Deadly melanoma. Fortunately, skin cancer isn't generally the reason for a black toenail, but cancer malignancy is a severe condition in the unusual cases it is present. For this reason, it is a good idea to have actually stained toenails taken a look at by among our podiatrists.
When it comes to black toe nail signs, the most obvious is the staining of the toe nail or nail bed of the affected nail. Depending on the reason for the condition, the staining doesn't have to be black and can in fact be reddish, purplish, or even brownish. In addition to the uncommon pigmentation, you might experience other problems like discomfort, a somewhat foul smell, even a discharge that emerges from beneath the toenail. When swelling, redness, strong smell, and discharge are present, it is usually an indication of an existing infection.
Another essential symptom to understand is that the toenail may separate from its nail bed. Normally, this is most typically seen when the black toenail has actually established in response to physical injury and the pooling blood has actually produced enough force to cause the separation.
Black Toenails Treatment
If your toe nail has started to separate from the bed, your first step needs to be to file the sharp edges and smooth them down. Doing so will reduce the threat of the nail getting captured on something and tearing further. In many cases, the tear might be rather large. When this takes place, you can either cut off the detached part or let it be (and let it fall off on its own). In either case, soak the toe in cold water for about twenty minutes, dry it off (thoroughly), and then apply an antibiotic lotion. When you are done with this, cover the toe nail with a clean plaster.
In time, the toe nail will grow back in a normal way, however you need to take procedures to decrease your risk of infection till this occurs. The best method to do this is to keep the nailbed clean, dry, and covered with antibiotic lotion and thick toenails fresh plasters. Should the plaster become dirty or damp, be sure to change it as soon as possible with a new one. Stay alert for regular infection signs, like discomfort, pus, inflammation, swelling, and warmth. Contact Foot & Ankle Associates of Florida as quickly as you observe any of these signs.